2021: Alora Crucible – Thymiamatascension (House of Mythology)
Atmospheric, semi-ambient music inspired by 1970s-90s cassette-based New Age.
As composer, producer, guitarist, vocalist, keyboardist.

Track list not yet released.


2019: Toby Driver – N . G . H . 4 . M . (Ice Level Music)
A sad song about winter.
As composer, producer, guitarist, vocalist, drummer, keyboardist.

  1. N . G . H . 4 . M . (Never Gonna Happen 4 Me) (guitar, synths, vocals, drums) (15;42)


2018: Toby Driver – They Are The Shield (Blood Music)
A suite of violin-led experimental ballads, created in part with support from Roulette Intermedium, Brooklyn, NY
As composer, producer, arranger, lyricist, guitar, bass, synths, piano, organ, voice

  1. Anamnesis Park (violins, synthesizers, guitar, drumset, voice) (10;34)
  2. Glyph (violins, synthesizers, guitar, drumset, voice) (08;40)
  3. 470 Nanometers (violins, synthesizers, guitar, drumset, voice) (05;33)
  4. Scaffold of Digital Snow (violins, synthesizers, guitar, drumset, voice) (06;40)
  5. Smoke-Scented Mycelium (violins, synthesizers, guitar, drumset, voice) (07;36)
  6. The Knot (violins, piano, processing, voice) (04;10)


2017: Toby Driver – Madonnawhore (Flenser Recordings)
A collection of minimalistic, primarily organ-driven ballads As composer, producer, arranger, lyricist, guitar, bass, synths, organ, voice

  1. The Scarlet Whore/Her Dealings with the Initiate (organ, Polysix, guitar, drumset, voice) (07;17)
  2. Avignon (organ, Polysix, field recordings, guitar, drumset, chorus, voice) (07;07)
  3. The Deepest Hole (organ, Polysix, guitar, drumset, voice) (07:27)
  4. Parsifal (guitar, drumset, voice) (04;57)
  5. Craven's Dawn (organ, Polysix, guitar, bass guitar, saxophone, drumset, chorus, voice) (09;21)
  6. Boys on the Hill (organ, Polysix, guitar, drumset, voice) (07;39)


2014: Toby Driver – Ichneumonidae (Ice Level Music)
A chamber piece written for a Butoh performance by Michelle Morinaga
As composer, producer, arranger, guitar, synths

  1. Pale Hesychasm (violin, guitar, synths, vibraphone and other percussion) (12;54)
  2. Supercrescentus of Eros (violin, guitar, synths, vibraphone and other percussion) (15;38)
  3. The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun (violin, guitar, synths, vibraphone and other percussion) (02;58)


2005: Toby Driver – In the L..L..Library Loft (Tzadik)
Four large-ensemble pieces using conceptual and experimental techniques.
As composer, producer, arranger, lyricist, guitar, bass guitar, piano, prepared piano, percussion, bowed tuning forks, voice

  1. Kandu vs. Corky (Horrorca) (with a large guitar and percussion ensemble with all rhythms focusing on a bell-curve) (guitars, bass guitar, contrabass, violins, trombones, horn in F, trumpet, drumsets (2), auxiliary percussion, voice) (15;14)
  2. The Lugubrious Library Loft (with each instrument being performed by four hands/two people: the prepared piano, the bowed tuning forks, and even the vocals performed being sung into another person's mouth using the other person's tongue and lips to form words while the air and vibrations come from the original singer) (prepared piano four-hands, bowed tuning forks four hands, bass guitar four-hands, voice two-mouths) (09;03)
  3. Brown Light Upon Us (with the ensemble performing in a distant room down the hall behind closed doors) (guitar, bass guitar, drumset, choir) (17;58)
  4. Eptaceros (built upon the extended technique trumpet playing of F. Graham) (piano, cellos, guitar, extended tech. Trumpet, voice) (10;59)



2021: Kayo Dot – Moss Grew on the Swords and Plowshares Alike (Prophecy Productions)
Through-composed progressive metal paying homage to mid-90s European gothic artists.
As composer, co-producer, recordist, arranger, guitar, bass, synths, percussion, programming, voice

Track list not yet released.


2019: Kayo Dot – Blasphemy (Prophecy Productions)
A narrative in eight (8) parts based on the novel by Jason Byron
As composer, co-producer, arranger, guitar, bass, synths, piano, organ, percussion, programming, voice

  1. Ocean Cumulonimbus (guitars, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (03;59)
  2. The Something Opal (guitars, synthesizers, church organ, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (05;44)
  3. Lost Souls on Lonesome's Way (guitars, synthesizers, rhodes, drumset, voice, choir) (05;21)
  4. Vanishing Act in Blinding Gray (guitars, synthesizers, piano, drumset, voice) (08;07)
  5. Turbine, Hook, and Haul (guitars, synthesizers, piano, drumset, trumpet, voice, choir) (06;10)
  6. Midnight Mystic Rise and Fall (guitars, synthesizers, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (05;33)
  7. An Eye for a Lie (laptop, samples, guitars, synthesizers, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (05;22)
  8. Blasphemy: A Prophecy (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, pipe organ, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (04;14)


2016: Kayo Dot – Plastic House on Base of Sky (Flenser Recordings)
Pieces inspired by the music of Japanese composer Susumu Hirasawa
As composer, producer, arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, bass, synths, programming, voice

  1. Amalia's Theme (synthesizers, guitars, bass guitar, laptop, voice) (07;33)
  2. All the Pain in All the Wide World (synthesizers, guitars, bass guitar, laptop, voice) (10;09)
  3. Magnetism (synthesizers, guitars, bass guitar, laptop, voice) (07;29)
  4. Rings of Earth (synthesizers, guitars, bass guitar, laptop, voice) (08;40)
  5. Brittle Urchin (synthesizers, rhodes, guitars, bass guitar, laptop, voice) (04;32)


2014: Kayo Dot – Coffins on Io (Flenser Recordings)
Songs evoking a retro-future noir aesthetic, inspired by urban landscapes and dystopian science fiction
As composer, producer, arranger, guitar, bass, synths, rhodes, organ, voice

  1. The Mortality of Doves (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophone, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (11;54)
  2. Offramp Cycle, Pattern 22 (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (09;25)
  3. Longtime Disturbance on the Miracle Mile (guitars, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (04;07)
  4. Library Subterranean (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophone, drumset, voice) (08;24)
  5. The Assassination of Adam (guitars, synthesizers, alto saxophone, drumset, voice) (05;47)
  6. Spirit Photography (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, organ, rhodes, alto saxophone, drumset, voice) (10;06)


2013: Kayo Dot – Hubardo (Ice Level Music)
An epic narrative in eleven parts for a larger ensemble, based on the story by Jason Byron
As composer, co-producer, co-arranger, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, rhodes, percussion, voice

  1. The Black Stone (guitar, bass guitar, alto saxophone, violin, synthesizers, organ, drumset, voice) (10;39)
  2. Crown-in-the-Muck (guitar, bass, synthesizers, trumpet, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, clarinet, drumset, voice) (08;54)
  3. Thief (guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, organ, trumpet, alto saxophone, drumset, voice) (06;52)
  4. Vision Adjustment to Another Wavelength (guitar, bass, synthesizers, tenor sax, flute, drumset, aux percussion, voice) (04;54)
  5. Zlida Caosgi (To Water the Earth) (guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (05;26)
  6. The First Matter (Saturn in the Guise of Sadness) (bass guitar, rhodes, synthesizers, drumset) (09;29)
  7. The Second Operation (Lunar Water) (piano, violin, flugelhorn, rhodes, choir, tenor saxophone, voice) (13;19)
  8. Floodgate (guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophone, trumpet, drumset, voice) (07;23)
  9. And He Built Him a Boat (guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, drumset, choir, voice) (07;28)
  10. Passing the River (samples, guitar, synthesizers, rhodes, alto sax, trumpet, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (10;12)
  11. The Wait of the World (guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, clavinet, trumpet, alto sax, tenor sax, rhodes, drumset, voice) (14;23)


2012: Kayo Dot – Gamma Knife (Ice Level Music/Antithetic)
Sacred expressions from the ecclesiastical to the Satanic built on meditation, mysticism, 11-note chords and obliquely-timed beats
As composer, producer, arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, church bells, voice

  1. Lethe (church bells, guitar, alto saxophone, violins, choir, voice) (05;05)
  2. Rite of Goetic Evocation (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophones, drumset, voice) (06;40)
  3. Mirror Water, Lightning Night (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophones, drumset, voice) (05;33)
  4. Ocellated God (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophones, violins, drumset, voice) (06;32)
  5. Gamma Knife (piano, guitar, voice) (06;46)


2011: Kayo Dot – Stained Glass (Hydra Head)
Originally composed as a collaborative piece for Peter Hopkins Miller's film, Stained Glass, expanded here with further-developed ideas and larger ensemble; a synaesthetic rendering of a Luciferian journey across colored windows in a darkened cathedral
As composer, producer, arranger, guitar, bass guitar, synthesizers, bells and chimes, processing, samples, voice

  1. Stained Glass (guitar, rhodes, vibraphone, bass, clarinet, tenor sax, violin, synths, chimes, samples, drums, voice) (19;56)


2010: Kayo Dot – Coyote (Hydra Head)
A long-form piece focusing on reviving the chorus-bass sound of early 80s post-punk combined with the trumpet/cornet and alto sax unisons hinted at by Ornette Coleman on “The Shape of Jazz to Come,” in a hyper-complex through-composed form. Based on the story by Yuko Sueta.
As composer, co-producer, arranger, bass guitar, voice.

  1. Calonyction Girl (bass, trumpet, alto saxophone, synthesizer, organ, violin, drumset, crotales, bells, gongs, voice) (08;00)
  2. Whisper Ineffable (bass, trumpet, alto saxophone, synthesizer, organ, violin, drumset, crotales, bells, gongs, voice) (11;13)
  3. Abyss Hinge 1: Sleeping Birds Sighing in Roscolux (bass, trumpet, alto sax, clavinet, synth, organ, violin, guitar, drums (03;46)
  4. Abyss Hinge 2: The Shrinking Armature (bass, trumpet, alto sax, synths, violin, drums, crotales, gongs, timpanis, voice) (13;40)
  5. Cartogram Out of Phase (bass, trumpet, alto sax, organ, violin, drumset, crotales, beels, gongs, voice) (03;11)


2008: Kayo Dot – Blue Lambency Downward (Hydra Head)
Compositions in response to Hurricane Katrina, built on a low-woodwind ensemble taking inspiration from West African jazz
As composer, arranger, guitar, bass guitar, lyricist, synthesizers, piano, clarinet, percussion, voice

  1. Blue Lambency Downward (guitars, bells, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (10;00)
  2. Clelia Walking (guitars, bells, violin, bass clarinets, organ, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (05;29)
  3. Right Hand is the One I Want (guitars, bells, violin, piano, vibraphone, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (06;54)
  4. The Sow Submits (guitars, bells, gongs, violin, bass clarinet, vibraphone, metallophone, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (04;02)
  5. The Awkward Wind-Wheel (guitars, bass guitar, clarinets, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (03;29)
  6. The Useless Ladder (guitars, clarinets, violin, synthesizers, chorus) (02;40)
  7. Symmetrical Arizona (guitars, bass, clarinet, tenor sax, baritone sax, vibraphone, synthesizers, drumset, percussion (10;50)


2006: Kayo Dot – Don't Touch Dead Animals (Holy Roar)
A rare Kayo Dot single featuring Mia Matsumiya on vocals, recorded especially for a split with Bloody Panda.
As composer, arranger, guitarist

  1. Don't Touch Dead Animals (3 guitars, bass, trumpet, euphonium, violin, choir, vocals, drumset, clarinets) (11;06)


2006: Kayo Dot – Dowsing Anemone With Copper Tongue (Robotic Empire)
A collection of songs for large band focusing on three guitars, drones, and extended technique
As composer, producer, arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, clarinet, piano, electronics, percussion, voice

  1. Gemini Becoming the Tripod (guitars, bass guitar, violin, trumpet, electronics, drumset, voice) (10;43)
  2. Immortelle and Paper Caravelle (guitars, bass guitar, violins, trumpet, electronics, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (09;42)
  3. Aura on an Asylum Wall (guitars, bass guitar, contrabass, violin, trumpet, clarinet, electronics, drumset, voice) (07;44)
  4. _ On Limpid Form (guitars, bass guitar, violin, trumpet, electronics, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (18;00)
  5. Amaranth the Peddler (guitars, bass, contrabass, violins, trumpet, electronics, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (14;07)


2003: Kayo Dot – Choirs of the Eye (Tzadik)
A discovery of through-composed form, utilizing the layers of guitars and volume more commonly found in metal along with orchestral instruments.
As composer, producer, co-arranger, guitar, bass guitar, electronics, processing, cello, voice

  1. Marathon (guitars, horn in F, trombones, flute, bass guitar, organ, rhodes, piano, electronics, voice) (10;14)
  2. A Pitcher of Summer (guitars, clarinets, violin, trombone, horn in F, trumpet, bass, organ, piano, electronics, voice (05;47)
  3. The Manifold Curiosity (guitars, F horn, trombones, clarinet, alto saxes, violins, bass, organ, rhodes, electronics, voice (14;27)
  4. Wayfarer (guitars, violins, cello, bass guitar, alto saxes, clarinet, organ, rhodes, piano, choir, voice) (10;40)
  5. The Antique (guitars, violins, bass guitar, organ, samples, rhodes, piano, voice) (14;39)



Free-improvised music, produced by and featuring Jeremiah Cymerman, with Mario Diaz de Leon (5049 Records, 2020) (As bassist and co-writer)


Free-improvised music, produced by and featuring Jeremiah Cymerman, with Mario Diaz de Leon (5049 Records, 2015) (As bassist and co-writer)



2020: Oixisha – Neverflesh Safary (Ice Level Music)
Electronica inspired by downtempo and IDM artists of the UK scene.
As composer, producer, arranger, synths, field recording, samples, programming

  1. Neverflesh Safary (laptop, samples, guitar, voice, synthesizers) (09;10)


2020: Oixisha – Fragmentation Garden (Ice Level Music)
Electronica inspired by downtempo and IDM artists of the UK scene.
As composer, producer, arranger, synths, field recording, samples, programming

  1. Ixyss Maer (laptop, samples, synthesizers) (08;54)
  2. Minm/0 (laptop, samples, guitar, synthesizers) (08;19)



2019, Profound Lore. Vaura is: Joshua Strawn, Kevin Hufnagel, Toby Driver, and Charlie Schmid


2013, Profound Lore. Vaura is: Joshua Strawn, Kevin Hufnagel, Toby Driver, and Charlie Schmid


2012, WIERD Records. Vaura is: Joshua Strawn, Kevin Hufnagel, Toby Driver, and Charlie Schmid



2012: Tartar Lamb II – Polyimage of Known Exits (Ice Level Music)
A long-form piece using Driver's characteristic method of phrase-driven abstract timing pioneered in Tartar Lamb 1 (2006-7), this time focusing on rhythmic phrases led by processed extended-technique clarinet.
As composer, arranger, lyricist, bass guitar, synthesizers, voice

  1. Polyimage of Known Exits, First Movement (bass guitar, alto saxes, synths, processed clarinet, bass clarinet, voice) (06;50)
  2. Polyimage of Known Exits, Second Movement (bass guitar, alto saxes, synths, processed clarinet, bass clarinet, voice) (12;36)
  3. Polyimage of Known Exits, Third Movement (bass guitar, alto saxes, synths, processed clarinet, horn in F, voice) (09;28)
  4. Polyimage of Known Exits, Fourth Movement (bass, saxes, synths, clarinet, trumpet, violin, percussion, voice) (11;59)


2007: Tartar Lamb – Sixty Metonymies (Ice Level Music)
A long-form composition using Driver's newly-developed technique of phrase-based conduction and response in a chamber setting.
As composer, arranger, conductor, lyricist, guitar, voice

  1. Incensing the Malediction is a Lamb (violin, guitar, trumpet, percussion) (11;47)
  2. A Lamb in Hand's Worth Two in the Ewe (violin, guitar, trumpet, percussion) (03;12)
  3. Trumpet Twine the Lamb Unkyne (violin, guitar, trumpet, percussion, synthesizers) (09;36)
  4. The Lamb, the Ma'am, and the Holy Shim-Sham (violin, guitar, trumpet, percussion, synthesizers, voice) (16;38)



2018: Piggy Black Cross – Always Just Out of R . E . A . C . H . (Robotic Eclosion After Coming Hylozoic) (Ice Level Music)
An exploration of impressionistic electronic body music
As composer, producer, arranger, guitar, synths, field recording, samples, programming

  1. Psygh Øn Raindom ÆllÆy (laptop, drumset, guitars, synthesizers, voice) (06;23)
  2. ∂ea∂ 1101001011’s In-Çide (laptop, samples, synthesizers, guitar, voice) (06;15)
  3. 2 aƒЯa1D (laptop, guitars, samples, synthesizers, voice) (05;25)
  4. Turrrn ✹f Th Scr/EWI (laptop, samples, trumpet, violin, guitars, synthesizers, voice) (05;40)
  5. b∆D b∆†$ ou‡a †remrr ¢as†le (laptop, synthesizers, guitars, voice) (05;20)



2009: Maudlin of the Well – Part the Second (Ice Level Music)
Chamber-orchestral progressive rock re-imaginations of pieces from Driver's 2000 oratorio, “Six Trillion Miles Before the First,” based on the epic poem by Jason Byron, and new pieces following the same aesthetic
As composer, producer, arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, bass guitar, voice

  1. An Excerpt from 6,000,000,000,000 Miles Before the First, or, The Revisitation of the Blue Ghost (guitars, organ, violins, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, drumset, auxiliary percussion, choir, voice) (10;56)
  2. Another Excerpt: Keep Light Near You, Even When Dying (guitars, baritone guitar, organ, violins, cello, alto saxophones, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (05;59)
  3. Rose Quartz Turning to Glass (guitars, organ, violins, cello, alto saxophones, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, samples, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (07;30)
  4. Clover-Garland Island (guitars, organ, violins, cello, alto saxophones, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, samples, drumset, auxiliary percussion, voice) (08;18)
  5. Laboratories of the Invisible World (Rollerskating the Cosmic Palmistric Postborder) (guitars, organ, violins, cello, alto saxophones, bass guitar, synthesizers, piano, samples, drumset, auxiliary percussion, choir, voice) (11;50)


Binah Gevurah Hod Yesod.


2001: Maudlin of the Well – Leaving Your Body Map (Dark Symphonies)
Driver's practice of dream-journaling and meditation led him to an enhanced ability to lucid dream, compose ideas in the dream, and remember them upon waking. Contextualized here in progressive rock and chamber miniatures, part 2 of 2.
As composer, producer, co-arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, bass guitar, percussion, cello, contrabass, field recording, voice

  1. Stones of October's Sobbing (guitars, bass guitar, clarinets, flutes, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (07;25)
  2. Gleam in Ranks (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (04;16)
  3. Bizarre Flowers/A Violent Mist (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (09;35)
  4. Interlude 3 (guitar, viola, clarinet, percussion) (04;17)
  5. The Curve That to an Angle Turn'd (guitars, bass guitar, clarinets, flutes, synthesizers, cello, bells, drumset, voices) (08;22)
  6. Sleep is a Curse (guitars, violas, contrabass, voice) (05;37)
  7. Riseth He, The Numberless pt. 1 (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, samples, drumset, voice) (04;18)
  8. Riseth He, The Numberless pt. 2 (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, samples, drumset, voice) (05;16)
  9. Interlude 4 (guitar, cello, bells, violas, drumset) (05;13)
  10. Monstrously Low Tide (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, organ, drumset, voice) (06;48)


2001: Maudlin of the Well – Bath (Dark Symphonies)
Driver's practice of dream-journaling and meditation led him to an enhanced ability to lucid dream, compose ideas in the dream, and remember them upon waking. Contextualized here in progressive rock and chamber miniatures, part 1 of 2.
As composer, producer, co-arranger, co-lyricist, guitar, bass guitar, cello, percussion, field recording, voice

  1. The Blue Ghost/Shedding Qliphoth (guitars, alto saxophones, synthesizers, drumset) (07;57)
  2. They Aren't All Beautifull (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, baritone saxophone, drumset, voice) (05;37)
  3. Heaven and Weak (guitars, bass guitar, clarinets, cello, organ, synthesizers, drumset, voice) (07;43)
  4. Interlude 1(guitars) (01;38)
  5. The Ferryman (pipe organ, guitars, bass guitar, samples, drumset, voice) (07;51)
  6. Marid's Gift of Art (cello, guitars, trumpet, voice) (03;42)
  7. Girl With a Watering Can (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, clarinet, voice) (08;45)
  8. Birth Pains of Astral Projection (guitars, bass guitar, synthesizers, alto saxophone, organ, bells, voice) (10;35)
  9. Interlude 2 (water splashing percussion, piano, cello, guitar) (02;13)
  10. Geography (guitar, cello, bass guitar, drumset, voice) (05;00)


1999: Maudlin of the Well - My Fruit Psychobells... A Seed Combustible (Dark Symphonies)
After making four demo tapes beginning in 1996, our favorite tracks from those were compiled to make this debut.